The concept of ‘‘restorative environments’’ (Kaplan & Talbot, 1983) underlines the recovering power of places: to allow people to distract, to relax, to free their minds, and to distance themselves from ordinary aspects of life and work. The physical environment, as a job resource, provides psychological benefits in terms of attention restoration, stress reduction, and well-being. The theoretical basis of the Attention Restoration Theory (ART; Kaplan & Kaplan 1989) considers four different components (i.e., Being Away, Extent, Fascination, and Compatibility) of the restorative environment. Such components should help to restore the “Directed Attention”: a kind of attention requiring mental effort and inhibition from distractions to maintain the focus. Directed attention is prone to attention fatigue. The restorative quality of work environments can help the recovery from such mental fatigue and more generally can exert a positive effect on peoples’ working life. Job resources’ positive effect on work-related outcomes in organizations is described by the Job Demands-Resources model (JD-R: Demerouti, Bakker, Nachreiner, Schaufeli, 2001). Within such a theoretical framework (amid organizational psychology and environmental psychology), three different studies were carried out in the workplace.

The restorative quality of work environments and its work-related outcomes

RAMACI, TIZIANA;
2016

Abstract

The concept of ‘‘restorative environments’’ (Kaplan & Talbot, 1983) underlines the recovering power of places: to allow people to distract, to relax, to free their minds, and to distance themselves from ordinary aspects of life and work. The physical environment, as a job resource, provides psychological benefits in terms of attention restoration, stress reduction, and well-being. The theoretical basis of the Attention Restoration Theory (ART; Kaplan & Kaplan 1989) considers four different components (i.e., Being Away, Extent, Fascination, and Compatibility) of the restorative environment. Such components should help to restore the “Directed Attention”: a kind of attention requiring mental effort and inhibition from distractions to maintain the focus. Directed attention is prone to attention fatigue. The restorative quality of work environments can help the recovery from such mental fatigue and more generally can exert a positive effect on peoples’ working life. Job resources’ positive effect on work-related outcomes in organizations is described by the Job Demands-Resources model (JD-R: Demerouti, Bakker, Nachreiner, Schaufeli, 2001). Within such a theoretical framework (amid organizational psychology and environmental psychology), three different studies were carried out in the workplace.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11387/120692
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