Fluid damper devices in civil structures such as buildings or bridges are commonly used as energy absorbers for seismic protection. The problem in the response analysis of structures with filled dampers mainly consists in the fact that, due to the strongly nonlinear behavior of such equipments, the response spectrum technique fails. Moreover, in order to enhance the damping effect various toggle brace configurations have been recently proposed. In this paper by using the concept of power spectral density function compatible with the elastic response spectrum and the stochastic linearization technique, the equivalent damping ratio is obtained. It is shown that once the system is linearized results obtained by Monte Carlo simulation and those obtained by stochastic analysis are in good agreement. Furthermore, various toggle brace configurations are analyzed in detail and compared with a new one here proposed. The analysis is performed by taking into account the inherent nonlinearities of the damper by means of stochastic analysis and validated by using time histories of recorded accelerograms and by the stochastic analysis using spectrum consistent power spectral density.

Passive Control of Linear Structures Equipped with non-Linear Viscous Dampers and Amplification Mechanism

NAVARRA, GIACOMO CAMILLO
2008

Abstract

Fluid damper devices in civil structures such as buildings or bridges are commonly used as energy absorbers for seismic protection. The problem in the response analysis of structures with filled dampers mainly consists in the fact that, due to the strongly nonlinear behavior of such equipments, the response spectrum technique fails. Moreover, in order to enhance the damping effect various toggle brace configurations have been recently proposed. In this paper by using the concept of power spectral density function compatible with the elastic response spectrum and the stochastic linearization technique, the equivalent damping ratio is obtained. It is shown that once the system is linearized results obtained by Monte Carlo simulation and those obtained by stochastic analysis are in good agreement. Furthermore, various toggle brace configurations are analyzed in detail and compared with a new one here proposed. The analysis is performed by taking into account the inherent nonlinearities of the damper by means of stochastic analysis and validated by using time histories of recorded accelerograms and by the stochastic analysis using spectrum consistent power spectral density.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11387/10537
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