Objective: Literature shows that attachment styles are shaped by the first relationships children establish with their environment and that they continue during adolescence and have an influence on individual’s identity development, and interpersonal relationships. Research has examined the role of identity and decision-making processes on adult attachment style. Method: The participants were 162 students, aged between 18 and 36 (20.98 ± 2.70), coming from two countries, Siciliy (Italy) and Andalusia (Spain), characterized by a different socio-cultural system and family context. The participants were assigned to complete the following questionnaires: the Ego Identity Process Questionnaire (EIPQ), the General Decision Making Style (GDMS) and the Experience in Close Relationship (ECR). Results: Findings suggest that there are differences between Italy and Spain in adult attachment, identity development and decision-making process. Conclusions: The results are in line with literature that underscored the notion that the Italian family is characterized by a high degree of emotional bonding and excessive support from both parents
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