Context: Mutually exclusive mutations of RET, RAS, or BRAF are present in about 70% of papillary thyroid carcinomas, whereas only the latter two are seen in poorly differentiated and anaplastic cancers. Although the signal output common to these oncoproteins is ERK, a recent report showed that only BRAF mutations consistently predicted responsiveness to MAPK kinase (MEK) inhibitors. Objectives: Here we investigated whether sensitivity to MEK inhibition was determined by oncogene status in 13 human thyroid cancer cell lines: four with BRAF mutations, four RAS, one RET/ PTC1, and four wild type. Results: Growth of BRAF () cells was inhibited by the MEK antagonist PD0325901 with an IC50 of less than 5nM.By contrast,RAS, RET/PTC1,or wild-type cells had IC50of4nMto greater than 1000nM. Sensitivity was not predicted by coexisting mutations in PIK3CA or by PTEN status. Similar effects were obtained with the MEK inhibitor AZD6244. PD0325901 induced a sustained G1/S arrest in BRAF () but not BRAF () lines. PD0325901 was equipotent at inhibiting pERK1/2 after 2 h, regardless of genetic background, but pERK rebounded at 24 h in most lines. MEK inhibitor resistance was associated with partial refractoriness of pERK to further inhibition by the compounds. AZD6244 was more potent at inhibiting growth of NPA (BRAF ) than Cal62 (KRAS ) xenografts. Conclusion: Thyroid cancers with BRAF mutation are preferentially sensitive to MEK inhibitors, whereas tumors with other MEK-ERK effector pathway gene mutations have variable responses, either because they are only partially dependent on ERK and/or because feedback responses elicit partial refractoriness to MEK inhibition. (J Clin Endocrinol Metab 93: 2194–2201, 2008)

BRAFV600E mutation is associated with preferential sensitivity to MEK inhibition in thyroid cancer cell lines

Malaguarnera R;
2008

Abstract

Context: Mutually exclusive mutations of RET, RAS, or BRAF are present in about 70% of papillary thyroid carcinomas, whereas only the latter two are seen in poorly differentiated and anaplastic cancers. Although the signal output common to these oncoproteins is ERK, a recent report showed that only BRAF mutations consistently predicted responsiveness to MAPK kinase (MEK) inhibitors. Objectives: Here we investigated whether sensitivity to MEK inhibition was determined by oncogene status in 13 human thyroid cancer cell lines: four with BRAF mutations, four RAS, one RET/ PTC1, and four wild type. Results: Growth of BRAF () cells was inhibited by the MEK antagonist PD0325901 with an IC50 of less than 5nM.By contrast,RAS, RET/PTC1,or wild-type cells had IC50of4nMto greater than 1000nM. Sensitivity was not predicted by coexisting mutations in PIK3CA or by PTEN status. Similar effects were obtained with the MEK inhibitor AZD6244. PD0325901 induced a sustained G1/S arrest in BRAF () but not BRAF () lines. PD0325901 was equipotent at inhibiting pERK1/2 after 2 h, regardless of genetic background, but pERK rebounded at 24 h in most lines. MEK inhibitor resistance was associated with partial refractoriness of pERK to further inhibition by the compounds. AZD6244 was more potent at inhibiting growth of NPA (BRAF ) than Cal62 (KRAS ) xenografts. Conclusion: Thyroid cancers with BRAF mutation are preferentially sensitive to MEK inhibitors, whereas tumors with other MEK-ERK effector pathway gene mutations have variable responses, either because they are only partially dependent on ERK and/or because feedback responses elicit partial refractoriness to MEK inhibition. (J Clin Endocrinol Metab 93: 2194–2201, 2008)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11387/140371
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