Skeletal ability to resist mechanical stress is determined by bone amount and quality, which relies on macro- and micro-architecture, turnover, bone matrix, and mineralisation; the role of collagen has not been clearly elucidated. Numerous post-translational steps are involved in collagen type I biosynthesis, including residue hydroxylation and glycosylation catalysed by enzymes that work until the protein folds forming the triple helix; therefore, folding rate regulates these processes. Overglycosylated hydroxylysines are poor substrates for epsilon-amino group deamination which initiates cross-link formation. Three clinical conditions associated with fractures may relate collagen overglycosylation with bone quality: (i) Osteogenesis Imperfecta, in which genetic mutations distort triple helix conformation and slow folding rate favouring overglycosylation; (ii) diabetes mellitus, with collagen overglycosylation by AGE accumulation; and, (iii) menopause, according to experimental studies demonstrating ovariectomy-related trabecular bone collagen overglycosylation preventable by 17 beta-estradiol or tamoxifen. Specific actions on collagen of drugs used for bone protection should be explored in future studies. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Collagen overglycosylation: A biochemical feature that may contribute to bone quality

Dominguez L.J.;
2005

Abstract

Skeletal ability to resist mechanical stress is determined by bone amount and quality, which relies on macro- and micro-architecture, turnover, bone matrix, and mineralisation; the role of collagen has not been clearly elucidated. Numerous post-translational steps are involved in collagen type I biosynthesis, including residue hydroxylation and glycosylation catalysed by enzymes that work until the protein folds forming the triple helix; therefore, folding rate regulates these processes. Overglycosylated hydroxylysines are poor substrates for epsilon-amino group deamination which initiates cross-link formation. Three clinical conditions associated with fractures may relate collagen overglycosylation with bone quality: (i) Osteogenesis Imperfecta, in which genetic mutations distort triple helix conformation and slow folding rate favouring overglycosylation; (ii) diabetes mellitus, with collagen overglycosylation by AGE accumulation; and, (iii) menopause, according to experimental studies demonstrating ovariectomy-related trabecular bone collagen overglycosylation preventable by 17 beta-estradiol or tamoxifen. Specific actions on collagen of drugs used for bone protection should be explored in future studies. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11387/149976
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 43
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact