Contaminated marine sediments represent a critical threat towards human health and ecosystems, since they constitute a potential reservoir of toxic compounds release. In the present study, a bioslurry reactor was studied for the treatment of real marine sediments contaminated by petroleum hydrocarbons. The experimental campaign was divided in two periods: in the first period, microcosm trials were carried out to achieve useful indicators for biological hydrocarbon removal from sediments. The microcosm trials highlighted that the inoculum of halotolerant allochthonous bacteria provided the highest performance followed by autochthonous biomass. Based on the achieved results, in the second experimental period a bioslurry reactor was started up, based on a semisolid stirred tank reactor (STR) operated in batch mode. The process performances have been evaluated in terms of total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) removal, coupled with the characterization of microbial community through a Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) and phytotoxicity tests through the Germination Index (GI) with Lepidium Sativum seeds. The achieved results showed good hydrocarbons removal, equal to 40%, with a maximum removal rate of 220 mgTPH kg(-1) d(-1), but highlighting that high contaminant concentrations might affect negatively the overall removal performance. In general, the observed results were encouraging towards the feasibility of biological treatment of marine sediments contaminated by hydrocarbons. The microbiological analysis allowed the identification of taxa most involved in the degradation of TPH, highlighting after the treatment a shift in the microbial community from that of the raw sediment. (C) 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Preliminary insights about the treatment of contaminated marine sediments by means of bioslurry reactor: Process evaluation and microbiological characterization

Giustra, Maria Gabriella
Methodology
;
Di Bella, Gaetano
Supervision
;
2022

Abstract

Contaminated marine sediments represent a critical threat towards human health and ecosystems, since they constitute a potential reservoir of toxic compounds release. In the present study, a bioslurry reactor was studied for the treatment of real marine sediments contaminated by petroleum hydrocarbons. The experimental campaign was divided in two periods: in the first period, microcosm trials were carried out to achieve useful indicators for biological hydrocarbon removal from sediments. The microcosm trials highlighted that the inoculum of halotolerant allochthonous bacteria provided the highest performance followed by autochthonous biomass. Based on the achieved results, in the second experimental period a bioslurry reactor was started up, based on a semisolid stirred tank reactor (STR) operated in batch mode. The process performances have been evaluated in terms of total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) removal, coupled with the characterization of microbial community through a Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) and phytotoxicity tests through the Germination Index (GI) with Lepidium Sativum seeds. The achieved results showed good hydrocarbons removal, equal to 40%, with a maximum removal rate of 220 mgTPH kg(-1) d(-1), but highlighting that high contaminant concentrations might affect negatively the overall removal performance. In general, the observed results were encouraging towards the feasibility of biological treatment of marine sediments contaminated by hydrocarbons. The microbiological analysis allowed the identification of taxa most involved in the degradation of TPH, highlighting after the treatment a shift in the microbial community from that of the raw sediment. (C) 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11387/150501
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