Introduction: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation therapy is spreading rapidly, representing the standard of care in inoperable and high-risk patients, and a valid alternative in intermediate- and low-risk patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis. In this subset, the development and validation of noninvasive, quantitative, in vivo imaging modality, to monitor possible valve dysfunction is mandatory, in order to plan timely therapeutic interventions before the onset of symptoms. Areas covered: The implantation of transcatheter heart valves (THV) is increasing rapidly. As a consequence, THV dysfunction will become a major cause of cardiovascular morbidity after TAVI. Emergency repeat aortic valve replacement surgery is associated with a high rate of mortality compared with elective repeat surgery. In this context, early detection of THV dysfunction is therefore highly desirable. The review aims to examine the different diagnostic method to early detect THV dysfunction. Expert opinion: Most promising innovations in the diagnosis of early detection of THV dysfunction are evaluated, and the future outlook is explored. Waiting for upcoming evidence about the utility of CT, CMR, and PET on early detection of THV dysfunction, tailoring echocardiogram follow-up based on patients' characteristics is the desirable approach.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.