Masonry vaults are common structural elements of the Italian architectural heritage, significantly vulnerable to seismic loads. For this reason strengthening is often required. In the last decade, the use of traditional reinforcement techniques has been progressively replaced by Fiber Reinforced Polymers (FRP) bonded at the vault extrados/intrados. However, this approach has shown drawbacks mainly associated to the polymeric nature of matrix and physical compatibility between the matrix and the masonry support. Consequently, FRP strengthening evolved to innovative composite materials obtained by cement based matrix, i.e. Fiber Reinforced Cementitious Matrix (FRCM). Moreover, within the growing environmental sustainability issues, the scientific research is focusing on the development of biodegradable composite materials, based on vegetal fibers and natural matrices. This paper presents the results of experimental tests on two full-scale masonry vaults with the same geometry and mechanical properties: one is unreinforced and one is reinforced at the extrados by continuous bidirectional hemp ropes bonded in a layer of cocciopesto matrix (i.e. a mix of ground clay bricks and organic binder). The two models were built and tested in the 3D shaking table system of the Laboratory of Earthquake Engineering and Dynamic Analysis (LEDA) at Enna Kore University. Each vault was subjected to seismic loads and dynamic identification tests: the seismic load was given with increasing amplitude at the base of the two models while the dynamic identification tests were carried out after each seismic sequence in order to evaluate the variation of the dynamic properties, testifying structural damage. The strengthening effectiveness was assessed by comparing the damages detected on the unreinforced and reinforced masonry vaults. Results showed that the proposed bio composite strengthening material is effective for improving the seismic performance of masonry vaults.

Effect of hemp bio composite strengthening on masonry barrel vaults damage

Navarra, G;Lo Iacono, F;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Masonry vaults are common structural elements of the Italian architectural heritage, significantly vulnerable to seismic loads. For this reason strengthening is often required. In the last decade, the use of traditional reinforcement techniques has been progressively replaced by Fiber Reinforced Polymers (FRP) bonded at the vault extrados/intrados. However, this approach has shown drawbacks mainly associated to the polymeric nature of matrix and physical compatibility between the matrix and the masonry support. Consequently, FRP strengthening evolved to innovative composite materials obtained by cement based matrix, i.e. Fiber Reinforced Cementitious Matrix (FRCM). Moreover, within the growing environmental sustainability issues, the scientific research is focusing on the development of biodegradable composite materials, based on vegetal fibers and natural matrices. This paper presents the results of experimental tests on two full-scale masonry vaults with the same geometry and mechanical properties: one is unreinforced and one is reinforced at the extrados by continuous bidirectional hemp ropes bonded in a layer of cocciopesto matrix (i.e. a mix of ground clay bricks and organic binder). The two models were built and tested in the 3D shaking table system of the Laboratory of Earthquake Engineering and Dynamic Analysis (LEDA) at Enna Kore University. Each vault was subjected to seismic loads and dynamic identification tests: the seismic load was given with increasing amplitude at the base of the two models while the dynamic identification tests were carried out after each seismic sequence in order to evaluate the variation of the dynamic properties, testifying structural damage. The strengthening effectiveness was assessed by comparing the damages detected on the unreinforced and reinforced masonry vaults. Results showed that the proposed bio composite strengthening material is effective for improving the seismic performance of masonry vaults.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11387/158570
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