According to international traffic statistics, the quantity of daily traveling vehicles amounts to one billion, and it is estimated that in 2050 that amount will reach four billion. Urban population is growing especially in large metropolitan areas. This increase has different outgrowths concerning regular circulation, safety, and climatic perspectives. Therefore, the present and further increase of traffic flow is affecting the operational and safety performance of several roadway categories. Urban ring roads belong to a roadway category that is particularly subjected to congestion phenomena, but in many cases, public administrations are unable to afford required expenses to upgrade or build new roadways. Therefore, an intervention is needed that increases the capacity of existing infrastructures with limited cost results to be fundamental. In such a framework, the dynamic use of hard shoulder running (HSR) would represent a valid solution that both exploits existing infrastructures and facilitates traffic outflow by implementation of smart digital roads, with limited interventions on the physical infrastructure. Despite the expected improvements in traffic capacity, the HSR poses safety issues particularly in specific locations (e.g., interchanges) and for the operation of the transition phase for opening and closing the HSR. In this paper, the applicability and usefulness of microsimulation were tested with the Catania (Italy) ring road, as a case study, through the application of VISSIM traffic microsimulation software and SSAM traffic conflict tool, implementing different scenarios for the activation of the HSR.

Managed Lane as Strategy for Traffic Flow and Safety: A Case Study of Catania Ring Road

Tullio Giuffre'
Methodology
;
Alessandro Severino
Investigation
2022-01-01

Abstract

According to international traffic statistics, the quantity of daily traveling vehicles amounts to one billion, and it is estimated that in 2050 that amount will reach four billion. Urban population is growing especially in large metropolitan areas. This increase has different outgrowths concerning regular circulation, safety, and climatic perspectives. Therefore, the present and further increase of traffic flow is affecting the operational and safety performance of several roadway categories. Urban ring roads belong to a roadway category that is particularly subjected to congestion phenomena, but in many cases, public administrations are unable to afford required expenses to upgrade or build new roadways. Therefore, an intervention is needed that increases the capacity of existing infrastructures with limited cost results to be fundamental. In such a framework, the dynamic use of hard shoulder running (HSR) would represent a valid solution that both exploits existing infrastructures and facilitates traffic outflow by implementation of smart digital roads, with limited interventions on the physical infrastructure. Despite the expected improvements in traffic capacity, the HSR poses safety issues particularly in specific locations (e.g., interchanges) and for the operation of the transition phase for opening and closing the HSR. In this paper, the applicability and usefulness of microsimulation were tested with the Catania (Italy) ring road, as a case study, through the application of VISSIM traffic microsimulation software and SSAM traffic conflict tool, implementing different scenarios for the activation of the HSR.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11387/158626
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