Borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs) comprise 15-20% of primary ovarian neoplasms and represent an independent disease entity among epithelial ovarian cancers. The present study (Clinical Trial ID: NCT05791838) aimed to report a retrospective analysis of the management and outcomes of 86 consecutive BOTs patients, 54 of which were at a reproductive age. All patients with BOTs undergoing surgical treatment from January 2010 to December 2017 were included. Data were retrospectively reviewed. High levels of Ca-125 were observed in 25.6% of the FIGO stage I patients and 58.3% of the advanced disease patients. Fertility-sparing surgery and comprehensive surgical staging were performed in 36.7% and 49.3% of the patients, respectively. Laparotomy was the most frequent surgical approach (65.1%). The most common diagnosis at frozen sections was serous BOT (50.6%). Serous BOTs have significantly smaller tumor diameters than mucinous BOTs (p < 0.0001). The mean postoperative follow-up was 29.8 months (range 6-87 months). Three patients experienced a recurrence, with an overall recurrence rate of 3.5% (10% considering only the patients who underwent fertility-sparing treatment). BOTs have low recurrence rates, with excellent prognosis. Surgery with proper staging is the main treatment. Conservative surgery is a valid option for women with reproductive potential.
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