Polyethylene-based films can be used as sealant materials at room temperature in packaging applications. They can be also melted and sealed with glass, acting as sealant material in solar cells. The polyethylene-based polymers investigated in this paper are a linear low-density polyethylene modified with maleic anhydride (or PE-MAH), and an ethylene acrylic acid copolymer (or EMAA). Measurements of nitrogen gas diffusion coefficient (D) have been performed at three different temperatures ranging between 23°C and 32°C. The experimental apparatus used to measure the diffusion coefficients is original compared with other commonly used. The obtained D results have been correlated with the polymeric structure and morphology by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric-analyses (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) experimental analyses. Furthermore, D-coefficients are compared with the literature data of other polyethylenes with different structural organization (HDPE, LLDPE, and LDPE). The thermal activation energy is evaluated for the two polymers. Arrhenius plot has been used to calculate the activation energies of both polymers and to predict the D-coefficient at other temperatures, close to these analyzed.

Diffusion of nitrogen gas through polyethylene based films

Torrisi A.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Polyethylene-based films can be used as sealant materials at room temperature in packaging applications. They can be also melted and sealed with glass, acting as sealant material in solar cells. The polyethylene-based polymers investigated in this paper are a linear low-density polyethylene modified with maleic anhydride (or PE-MAH), and an ethylene acrylic acid copolymer (or EMAA). Measurements of nitrogen gas diffusion coefficient (D) have been performed at three different temperatures ranging between 23°C and 32°C. The experimental apparatus used to measure the diffusion coefficients is original compared with other commonly used. The obtained D results have been correlated with the polymeric structure and morphology by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric-analyses (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) experimental analyses. Furthermore, D-coefficients are compared with the literature data of other polyethylenes with different structural organization (HDPE, LLDPE, and LDPE). The thermal activation energy is evaluated for the two polymers. Arrhenius plot has been used to calculate the activation energies of both polymers and to predict the D-coefficient at other temperatures, close to these analyzed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11387/163339
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