The design, synthesis, photochemical properties, and biological evaluation of a novel photoactivatable bichromophoric conjugate are reported. The compound 1, [4-(4,4-difluoro-2,6-diiodo-1,3,5,7-tetramethyl-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacen-8-yl)-N-(3-((4-nitro-3-(trifluoromethyl) phenyl) amino) propyl) butanamide] combines a 2,6-diiodo-1,3,5,7-tetramethyl BODIPY derivative as singlet oxygen (O-1(2)) photosensitizer and 4-nitro-3-(trifluoromethyl) aniline (NOPD) as nitric oxide (NO) photodonor, joined by an alkyl spacer. These two chromogenic units absorb in distinct regions of the visible spectrum, and their individual photochemical properties are conserved in the molecular conjugate. Irradiation of the bichromophoric conjugate with green light afforded O-1(2) in high quantum yields, whereas O-1(2) production was negligible with the use of blue light; under this latter condition, NO was released. Photogeneration of NO and cytotoxic O-1(2) can therefore be regulated by appropriately tuning the excitation light wavelength and intensity. Tested on melanoma cancer cells, this resulted in amplified photomortality relative to that of a structurally correlated model compound 2 [4-(4,4-difluoro-2,6-diiodo-1,3,5,7-tetramethyl-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacen-8-yl)-N-(3-(p-tolylamino)propyl)butanamide] deprived of the NO-release capacity. The cellular uptake of 1, evaluated by confocal fluorescence microscopy, showed that the product is localized in the cytoplasm.

Light-Tunable Generation of Singlet Oxygen and Nitric Oxide with a Bichromophoric Molecular Hybrid: A Bimodal Approach to Killing Cancer Cells

Graziano, A. C. E.;
2016-01-01

Abstract

The design, synthesis, photochemical properties, and biological evaluation of a novel photoactivatable bichromophoric conjugate are reported. The compound 1, [4-(4,4-difluoro-2,6-diiodo-1,3,5,7-tetramethyl-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacen-8-yl)-N-(3-((4-nitro-3-(trifluoromethyl) phenyl) amino) propyl) butanamide] combines a 2,6-diiodo-1,3,5,7-tetramethyl BODIPY derivative as singlet oxygen (O-1(2)) photosensitizer and 4-nitro-3-(trifluoromethyl) aniline (NOPD) as nitric oxide (NO) photodonor, joined by an alkyl spacer. These two chromogenic units absorb in distinct regions of the visible spectrum, and their individual photochemical properties are conserved in the molecular conjugate. Irradiation of the bichromophoric conjugate with green light afforded O-1(2) in high quantum yields, whereas O-1(2) production was negligible with the use of blue light; under this latter condition, NO was released. Photogeneration of NO and cytotoxic O-1(2) can therefore be regulated by appropriately tuning the excitation light wavelength and intensity. Tested on melanoma cancer cells, this resulted in amplified photomortality relative to that of a structurally correlated model compound 2 [4-(4,4-difluoro-2,6-diiodo-1,3,5,7-tetramethyl-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacen-8-yl)-N-(3-(p-tolylamino)propyl)butanamide] deprived of the NO-release capacity. The cellular uptake of 1, evaluated by confocal fluorescence microscopy, showed that the product is localized in the cytoplasm.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11387/163505
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