Recirculation of hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) process water (PW) has been revealed as an effective strategy to promote the recovery of lost dissolved organics in the spent solvent. However, the role of operating parameters such as temperature, time and solid load during recirculation needs to be clarified and better investigated in order to achieve a successful PW valorization. In this paper, the effects of different reaction conditions during HTC with PW recirculation were studied by using orange peel waste as feedstock. The results showed that strong synergistic interactions occurred between the biomass and the recycled solvent, leading to a hydrochar mass yield increase between 0.5 and 11 wt% on a dry basis (d.b.), according to the reaction conditions. PW recirculation, especially at low conversion severity and solid load, increased hydrochar carbon content while drastically reduced the oxygen fraction. The reason was probably related to promoted dehydration and decarboxylation. As result, carbon and energy yields were respectively increased by 26.1 % and 27.0 %, on average. The energy balance outcomes showed that the energy recovery rose up to 8 times by recycling PW compared to phases with deionized water as HTC solvent.

Role of reaction parameters in hydrothermal carbonization with process water recirculation: Hydrochar recovery enhancement and energy balance

Picone, Antonio
Investigation
;
Volpe, Maurizio
Conceptualization
;
Volpe, Roberto
Supervision
;
Messineo, Antonio
Project Administration
2024-01-01

Abstract

Recirculation of hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) process water (PW) has been revealed as an effective strategy to promote the recovery of lost dissolved organics in the spent solvent. However, the role of operating parameters such as temperature, time and solid load during recirculation needs to be clarified and better investigated in order to achieve a successful PW valorization. In this paper, the effects of different reaction conditions during HTC with PW recirculation were studied by using orange peel waste as feedstock. The results showed that strong synergistic interactions occurred between the biomass and the recycled solvent, leading to a hydrochar mass yield increase between 0.5 and 11 wt% on a dry basis (d.b.), according to the reaction conditions. PW recirculation, especially at low conversion severity and solid load, increased hydrochar carbon content while drastically reduced the oxygen fraction. The reason was probably related to promoted dehydration and decarboxylation. As result, carbon and energy yields were respectively increased by 26.1 % and 27.0 %, on average. The energy balance outcomes showed that the energy recovery rose up to 8 times by recycling PW compared to phases with deionized water as HTC solvent.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11387/164045
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