Background: Several observational studies on Tofacitinib (TOFA) in ulcerative colitis (UC) have been published over the last 2 years. Aims: To estimate effectiveness and safety of TOFA arising from real-world experience. Methods: PubMed Central/Medline and Embase were systematically searched for real-world observational studies on TOFA for the treatment of UC through November 2020. Results: Seven studies comprising 759 patients met the inclusion criteria. The pooled estimate rates were 49% for clinical response, 40% for clinical remission, and 34% for corticosteroid-free clinical remission at induction, while the rates of endoscopic response and endoscopic remission were 37% and 19%, respectively. At maintenance, the pooled estimate rates of clinical response, clinical remission, and corticosteroid-free clinical remission were 36%, 35%, and 24%, respectively. The pooled estimate of incidence rate of adverse events was 53.0 per 100 person-years (PY), while the pooled estimate of incidence rate of withdrawal of TOFA due to adverse events was 9.3 per 100 PY, with a pooled rate of infections of 17.6 per 100 PY. Conclusions: Cumulative analysis of data from real-world studies confirmed the good efficacy of TOFA in UC shown by randomized controlled trials for both induction and maintenance, while the safety profile was consistent with previous reports. (c) 2021 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Effectiveness and safety of tofacitinib for the treatment of ulcerative colitis: A single-arm meta-analysis of observational studies

Maida, Marcello
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: Several observational studies on Tofacitinib (TOFA) in ulcerative colitis (UC) have been published over the last 2 years. Aims: To estimate effectiveness and safety of TOFA arising from real-world experience. Methods: PubMed Central/Medline and Embase were systematically searched for real-world observational studies on TOFA for the treatment of UC through November 2020. Results: Seven studies comprising 759 patients met the inclusion criteria. The pooled estimate rates were 49% for clinical response, 40% for clinical remission, and 34% for corticosteroid-free clinical remission at induction, while the rates of endoscopic response and endoscopic remission were 37% and 19%, respectively. At maintenance, the pooled estimate rates of clinical response, clinical remission, and corticosteroid-free clinical remission were 36%, 35%, and 24%, respectively. The pooled estimate of incidence rate of adverse events was 53.0 per 100 person-years (PY), while the pooled estimate of incidence rate of withdrawal of TOFA due to adverse events was 9.3 per 100 PY, with a pooled rate of infections of 17.6 per 100 PY. Conclusions: Cumulative analysis of data from real-world studies confirmed the good efficacy of TOFA in UC shown by randomized controlled trials for both induction and maintenance, while the safety profile was consistent with previous reports. (c) 2021 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11387/164650
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