IntroductionIn Parkinson's disease (PD), rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) might either precede the appearance of motor symptoms, or develop during the disease course. PD patients with RBD are characterized by a higher burden of cognitive impairment and hallucinations. However, few studies have analyzed the clinical characteristics of PD patients according to the timeline of RBD onset.MethodsPD patients have been retrospectively enrolled. Presence and onset of probable RBD (pRBD) has been evaluated using RBD Screening Questionnaire (score >= 6). Presence of Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) at baseline has been evaluated using the MDS criteria level II. Presence of motor complications and hallucinations has been evaluated at a 5-year follow-up.ResultsA total of 115 PD patients (65 men, 56.5%; mean age 62.5 +/- 9.7 years; mean disease duration 3.7 +/- 3.9 years) have been enrolled. Out of these, 63 fulfilled the diagnosis of pRBD (54.8%) with 21 (33.3%) reporting the RBD onset before the onset of the motor symptoms (PD-RBDpre), and 42 (66.7%) after the motor symptoms (PD-RBDpost). At enrolment presence of MCI was associated with PD-RBDpre patients (OR 5.04; 95% CI 1.33-19.05; p value 0.02). At follow-up, a higher risk of developing hallucinations was also associated with PD-RBDpre (OR 4.68; 95% CI 1.24-17.63; p = 0.022).ConclusionsPD patients with RBD occurring before the onset of motor symptoms represent a subgroup of patients with a more severe cognitive phenotype and with a higher risk of developing hallucinations along the disease course, with significant implications in terms of prognostic stratification and therapeutic approach.

Influence of RBD onset on the clinical characteristics of Parkinson's disease patients: a retrospective study

Luca, Antonina;
2023-01-01

Abstract

IntroductionIn Parkinson's disease (PD), rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) might either precede the appearance of motor symptoms, or develop during the disease course. PD patients with RBD are characterized by a higher burden of cognitive impairment and hallucinations. However, few studies have analyzed the clinical characteristics of PD patients according to the timeline of RBD onset.MethodsPD patients have been retrospectively enrolled. Presence and onset of probable RBD (pRBD) has been evaluated using RBD Screening Questionnaire (score >= 6). Presence of Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) at baseline has been evaluated using the MDS criteria level II. Presence of motor complications and hallucinations has been evaluated at a 5-year follow-up.ResultsA total of 115 PD patients (65 men, 56.5%; mean age 62.5 +/- 9.7 years; mean disease duration 3.7 +/- 3.9 years) have been enrolled. Out of these, 63 fulfilled the diagnosis of pRBD (54.8%) with 21 (33.3%) reporting the RBD onset before the onset of the motor symptoms (PD-RBDpre), and 42 (66.7%) after the motor symptoms (PD-RBDpost). At enrolment presence of MCI was associated with PD-RBDpre patients (OR 5.04; 95% CI 1.33-19.05; p value 0.02). At follow-up, a higher risk of developing hallucinations was also associated with PD-RBDpre (OR 4.68; 95% CI 1.24-17.63; p = 0.022).ConclusionsPD patients with RBD occurring before the onset of motor symptoms represent a subgroup of patients with a more severe cognitive phenotype and with a higher risk of developing hallucinations along the disease course, with significant implications in terms of prognostic stratification and therapeutic approach.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11387/164971
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