Background: Recovery of olfactory function plays a prominent role in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). While rates and timing of such recovery vary, monoclonal antibodies might yield better results which we aimed at evaluating with this study. Methodology: A prospective controlled study was conducted at our tertiary otolaryngological center from April 1, 2021, to October 1, 2022, in CRSwNP patients. We included an active group (n = 60 patients) performing dupilumab treatment and a control group (n = 60 patients) treated with intranasal and oral corticosteroids. Primary endpoints were changes in smell visual analogical scale (VAS) and SS-I (Sniffin' Sticks-identification) scores, and olfactory recovery rate. The secondary efficacy endpoints were nasal obstruction, rhinorrhea, headache, SNOT-22, and nasal congestion score (NCS). Results: At 6 months, the active group demonstrated better outcomes than control in SS-I scores (10.23 ± 4.21 vs.3.68 ± 3.08; p < 0.001). No significant differences were found in blood eosinophil count, SNOT-22, and NPS (p > 0.05 for all). Olfactory function in the treatment arm improved in 86.66% (52/60 cases), with normal scores in 48.33% (29/60), while the control group reported a lower recovery rate (3/60; 5%), with no normal olfaction cases. Log-rank comparison for Kaplan-Meier functions was statistically significant (p < 0.001), but no differences were found in subanalysis in the active group based on blood eosinophil count at baseline, SNOT-22, and NPS scores. Conclusions: Patients who receive dupilumab treatment may experience a faster recovery of olfactory function compared to those receiving corticosteroid therapy. This result would be maintained regardless of the severity of type 2 CRSwNP inflammation, the volume of the polyps, or the patient's subjective symptomatology.

Effectiveness and rapidity on olfatory fuction recovery in CRS patients treated with Dupilumab: a real life prospective controlled study

Maniaci, Antonino
2024-01-01

Abstract

Background: Recovery of olfactory function plays a prominent role in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). While rates and timing of such recovery vary, monoclonal antibodies might yield better results which we aimed at evaluating with this study. Methodology: A prospective controlled study was conducted at our tertiary otolaryngological center from April 1, 2021, to October 1, 2022, in CRSwNP patients. We included an active group (n = 60 patients) performing dupilumab treatment and a control group (n = 60 patients) treated with intranasal and oral corticosteroids. Primary endpoints were changes in smell visual analogical scale (VAS) and SS-I (Sniffin' Sticks-identification) scores, and olfactory recovery rate. The secondary efficacy endpoints were nasal obstruction, rhinorrhea, headache, SNOT-22, and nasal congestion score (NCS). Results: At 6 months, the active group demonstrated better outcomes than control in SS-I scores (10.23 ± 4.21 vs.3.68 ± 3.08; p < 0.001). No significant differences were found in blood eosinophil count, SNOT-22, and NPS (p > 0.05 for all). Olfactory function in the treatment arm improved in 86.66% (52/60 cases), with normal scores in 48.33% (29/60), while the control group reported a lower recovery rate (3/60; 5%), with no normal olfaction cases. Log-rank comparison for Kaplan-Meier functions was statistically significant (p < 0.001), but no differences were found in subanalysis in the active group based on blood eosinophil count at baseline, SNOT-22, and NPS scores. Conclusions: Patients who receive dupilumab treatment may experience a faster recovery of olfactory function compared to those receiving corticosteroid therapy. This result would be maintained regardless of the severity of type 2 CRSwNP inflammation, the volume of the polyps, or the patient's subjective symptomatology.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11387/166547
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