: (1) Background: This narrative review aims to explore the predictors of success for pharyngeal surgery in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). An extensive literature search was conducted, identifying relevant studies published up to June 2023, utilizing various databases and key search terms related to OSA, surgical interventions, and predictors of success. The review encompasses both retrospective and prospective studies, case series, and cohort studies to provide a broad understanding of the topic; (2) Methods: Review of English scientific literature on phenotypes of OSA related to predictors of success of pharyngeal surgery; (3) Results: Of 75 articles, 21 were included, in these the following were determined to be factors for surgical success: body mass index (BMI) (8 articles), apnea/hypopnea index (AHI) (8 articles), cephalometry (8 articles), palatine tonsil size (7 articles), Modified Mallampati score (2 articles), genioglossus electromyography (2 articles), Friedman score or upper airway anatomy (3 articles), nasopharyngolaryngoscopy (2 articles), drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) (1 article), oral cavity anatomy (1 article) and oxygen desaturation index (ODI) (1 article); (4) Conclusions: The lack of standardized protocols for the indication of pharyngeal surgery is a reality, however identifying known predictors of surgical success may facilitate homogenizing indications.

Predictors of Success of Pharyngeal Surgery in the Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Narrative Review

Maniaci, Antonino;
2023-01-01

Abstract

: (1) Background: This narrative review aims to explore the predictors of success for pharyngeal surgery in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). An extensive literature search was conducted, identifying relevant studies published up to June 2023, utilizing various databases and key search terms related to OSA, surgical interventions, and predictors of success. The review encompasses both retrospective and prospective studies, case series, and cohort studies to provide a broad understanding of the topic; (2) Methods: Review of English scientific literature on phenotypes of OSA related to predictors of success of pharyngeal surgery; (3) Results: Of 75 articles, 21 were included, in these the following were determined to be factors for surgical success: body mass index (BMI) (8 articles), apnea/hypopnea index (AHI) (8 articles), cephalometry (8 articles), palatine tonsil size (7 articles), Modified Mallampati score (2 articles), genioglossus electromyography (2 articles), Friedman score or upper airway anatomy (3 articles), nasopharyngolaryngoscopy (2 articles), drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) (1 article), oral cavity anatomy (1 article) and oxygen desaturation index (ODI) (1 article); (4) Conclusions: The lack of standardized protocols for the indication of pharyngeal surgery is a reality, however identifying known predictors of surgical success may facilitate homogenizing indications.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11387/166552
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