Purpose: To investigate the impact of Prostate Imaging Quality (PI-QUAL) scores on the diagnostic performance of multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) in a targeted biopsy cohort. Patients and methods: 300 patients who underwent both mpMRI and biopsy were included. PI-QUAL scores were retrospectively assigned by two radiologists in consensus and were correlated to pre-biopsy PI-RADS scores and biopsy outcomes. Clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa) was defined as ISUP grade >= 2. Results: Image quality was optimal (PI-QUAL >= 4) in 249/300 (83%) and suboptimal (PI-QUAL < 4) in 51/300 (17%). The proportion of PI-RADS 3 scores referred for biopsy was higher in scans of suboptimal vs optimal quality (51% vs 33%). For PI-QUAL < 4 scans, the positive predictive value (PPV) was lower compared to PIQUAL >= 4 (35% [95%CI: 22, 48] vs 48% [95%CI: 41, 55]; difference -13% [95%CI: -27, 2]; p 0.090), as was the detection rate of csPCa in both PI-RADS 3 and PI-RADS 4-5 (15% vs 23% and 56 vs 63%, respectively). The overall MRI quality increased over time. Conclusions: Scan quality may affect the diagnostic performance of prostate mpMRI in patients undergoing MRIguided biopsy. Scans of suboptimal quality (PI-QUAL < 4) were associated with lower PPV for csPCa.

Purpose: To investigate the impact of Prostate Imaging Quality (PI-QUAL) scores on the diagnostic performance of multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) in a targeted biopsy cohort. Patients and methods: 300 patients who underwent both mpMRI and biopsy were included. PI-QUAL scores were retrospectively assigned by two radiologists in consensus and were correlated to pre-biopsy PI-RADS scores and biopsy outcomes. Clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa) was defined as ISUP grade ≥ 2. Results: Image quality was optimal (PI-QUAL ≥ 4) in 249/300 (83%) and suboptimal (PI-QUAL < 4) in 51/300 (17%). The proportion of PI-RADS 3 scores referred for biopsy was higher in scans of suboptimal vs optimal quality (51% vs 33%). For PI-QUAL < 4 scans, the positive predictive value (PPV) was lower compared to PI-QUAL ≥ 4 (35% [95%CI: 22, 48] vs 48% [95%CI: 41, 55]; difference -13% [95%CI: -27, 2]; p 0.090), as was the detection rate of csPCa in both PI-RADS 3 and PI-RADS 4-5 (15% vs 23% and 56 vs 63%, respectively). The overall MRI quality increased over time. Conclusions: Scan quality may affect the diagnostic performance of prostate mpMRI in patients undergoing MRI-guided biopsy. Scans of suboptimal quality (PI-QUAL < 4) were associated with lower PPV for csPCa.

Impact of prostate imaging quality (PI-QUAL) score on the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer at biopsy

Lavalle, Salvatore;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the impact of Prostate Imaging Quality (PI-QUAL) scores on the diagnostic performance of multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) in a targeted biopsy cohort. Patients and methods: 300 patients who underwent both mpMRI and biopsy were included. PI-QUAL scores were retrospectively assigned by two radiologists in consensus and were correlated to pre-biopsy PI-RADS scores and biopsy outcomes. Clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa) was defined as ISUP grade >= 2. Results: Image quality was optimal (PI-QUAL >= 4) in 249/300 (83%) and suboptimal (PI-QUAL < 4) in 51/300 (17%). The proportion of PI-RADS 3 scores referred for biopsy was higher in scans of suboptimal vs optimal quality (51% vs 33%). For PI-QUAL < 4 scans, the positive predictive value (PPV) was lower compared to PIQUAL >= 4 (35% [95%CI: 22, 48] vs 48% [95%CI: 41, 55]; difference -13% [95%CI: -27, 2]; p 0.090), as was the detection rate of csPCa in both PI-RADS 3 and PI-RADS 4-5 (15% vs 23% and 56 vs 63%, respectively). The overall MRI quality increased over time. Conclusions: Scan quality may affect the diagnostic performance of prostate mpMRI in patients undergoing MRIguided biopsy. Scans of suboptimal quality (PI-QUAL < 4) were associated with lower PPV for csPCa.
2023
Purpose: To investigate the impact of Prostate Imaging Quality (PI-QUAL) scores on the diagnostic performance of multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) in a targeted biopsy cohort. Patients and methods: 300 patients who underwent both mpMRI and biopsy were included. PI-QUAL scores were retrospectively assigned by two radiologists in consensus and were correlated to pre-biopsy PI-RADS scores and biopsy outcomes. Clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa) was defined as ISUP grade&nbsp;≥&nbsp;2. Results: Image quality was optimal (PI-QUAL&nbsp;≥&nbsp;4) in 249/300 (83%) and suboptimal (PI-QUAL&nbsp;&lt;&nbsp;4) in 51/300 (17%). The proportion of PI-RADS 3 scores referred for biopsy was higher in scans of suboptimal vs optimal quality (51% vs 33%). For PI-QUAL&nbsp;&lt;&nbsp;4 scans, the positive predictive value (PPV) was lower compared to PI-QUAL&nbsp;≥&nbsp;4 (35% [95%CI: 22, 48] vs 48% [95%CI: 41, 55]; difference -13% [95%CI: -27, 2]; p 0.090), as was the detection rate of csPCa in both PI-RADS 3 and PI-RADS 4-5 (15% vs 23% and 56 vs 63%, respectively). The overall MRI quality increased over time. Conclusions: Scan quality may affect the diagnostic performance of prostate mpMRI in patients undergoing MRI-guided biopsy. Scans of suboptimal quality (PI-QUAL&nbsp;&lt;&nbsp;4) were associated with lower PPV for csPCa.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11387/167985
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