Radiotherapy represents an essential part of the therapeutic algorithm for breast cancer patients after conservative surgery. The treatment of left-sided tumors has been associated with a non-negligible risk of developing late-onset cardiovascular disease. The cardiac risk perception has especially increased over the last years due to the prolongation of patients’ survival owing to the advent of new drugs and an ever earlier cancer detection through screening programs. Improvements in radiation delivery techniques could reduce the treatment-related heart toxicity. The deep-inspiration-breath-hold (DIBH) irradiation is one of the most advanced treatment approaches, which requires specific technical equipment and uses inspiration to displace the heart from the tangential radiation fields. However, not all patients benefit from its use. Moreover, DIBH irradiation needs patient compliance and accurate training. Therefore, such a technique may be unjustifiably cumbersome and time-consuming as well as unnecessarily expensive from a mere healthcare cost point of view. Hence the need to early select only the true beneficiaries while tailoring more effective heart-sparing techniques for the others and streamlining the workflow, especially in high-volume radiation oncology departments. In this literature overview, we collected some possible predictors of cardiac dose sparing in DIBH irradiation for left breast treatment in an effort to provide an easy-to-consult summary of simple instruments to insiders for identifying patients actually benefitting from this technique. We critically reviewed the reliability and weaknesses of each retrieved finding, aiming to inspire new insights and discussions on this much-debated topic.

A Critical Overview of Predictors of Heart Sparing by Deep-Inspiration-Breath-Hold Irradiation in Left-Sided Breast Cancer Patients

Ferini G.;Umana G. E.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Radiotherapy represents an essential part of the therapeutic algorithm for breast cancer patients after conservative surgery. The treatment of left-sided tumors has been associated with a non-negligible risk of developing late-onset cardiovascular disease. The cardiac risk perception has especially increased over the last years due to the prolongation of patients’ survival owing to the advent of new drugs and an ever earlier cancer detection through screening programs. Improvements in radiation delivery techniques could reduce the treatment-related heart toxicity. The deep-inspiration-breath-hold (DIBH) irradiation is one of the most advanced treatment approaches, which requires specific technical equipment and uses inspiration to displace the heart from the tangential radiation fields. However, not all patients benefit from its use. Moreover, DIBH irradiation needs patient compliance and accurate training. Therefore, such a technique may be unjustifiably cumbersome and time-consuming as well as unnecessarily expensive from a mere healthcare cost point of view. Hence the need to early select only the true beneficiaries while tailoring more effective heart-sparing techniques for the others and streamlining the workflow, especially in high-volume radiation oncology departments. In this literature overview, we collected some possible predictors of cardiac dose sparing in DIBH irradiation for left breast treatment in an effort to provide an easy-to-consult summary of simple instruments to insiders for identifying patients actually benefitting from this technique. We critically reviewed the reliability and weaknesses of each retrieved finding, aiming to inspire new insights and discussions on this much-debated topic.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11387/169109
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