Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a highly prevalent condition. CRS is usually managed with intranasal corticosteroids, useful both before as well as after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). However, the greatest drawback of these low-volume sprays is the inadequate delivery into the paranasal sinuses, even after ESS. Recent studies have shown that high-volume steroid nasal rinse (HSNR) has a significantly better penetration of the paranasal sinuses. The purpose of this state-of-the-art review is to systematically overview the current literature about the role of nasal rinses with steroids in CRS. Four authors examined four databases (Embase, Pubmed, Scielo, Cochrane). This review identified 23 studies answering 5 research questions. It included 1182 participants, 722 cases, and 460 controls. Available evidence suggests a potential positive effect of HSNR, which seems to be higher in CRS with nasal polyps. More well-designed studies are needed in order to obtain solid conclusions. The evidence is solid regarding the safety of this treatment modality in the short and long-term. We expect that this lack of severe negative effects will facilitate the acceptance of this treatment modality and the development of future studies.

The Role of Corticosteroid Nasal Irrigations in the Management of Chronic Rhinosinusitis: A State-of-the-Art Systematic Review

Maniaci A.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a highly prevalent condition. CRS is usually managed with intranasal corticosteroids, useful both before as well as after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). However, the greatest drawback of these low-volume sprays is the inadequate delivery into the paranasal sinuses, even after ESS. Recent studies have shown that high-volume steroid nasal rinse (HSNR) has a significantly better penetration of the paranasal sinuses. The purpose of this state-of-the-art review is to systematically overview the current literature about the role of nasal rinses with steroids in CRS. Four authors examined four databases (Embase, Pubmed, Scielo, Cochrane). This review identified 23 studies answering 5 research questions. It included 1182 participants, 722 cases, and 460 controls. Available evidence suggests a potential positive effect of HSNR, which seems to be higher in CRS with nasal polyps. More well-designed studies are needed in order to obtain solid conclusions. The evidence is solid regarding the safety of this treatment modality in the short and long-term. We expect that this lack of severe negative effects will facilitate the acceptance of this treatment modality and the development of future studies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11387/169805
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