Background: Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is considered either a destination therapy for patients with end-stage heart failure or heart transplantation bridging. LVAD implantation often causes aortic insufficiency (AI), which requires aortic valve repair. However, severe acute AI does not respond well to medication, and re-operation means higher risk to the patients; the most effective therapeutic strategies for LVAD-induced AI still need further exploration. In this report, we present the first described case of new-onset, severe LVAD-induced AI in China with a patient who underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and achieved significant improvement in functional capacity and symptoms with lower operation risk. Case description: A 55-year-old male patient was diagnosed with dilated cardiomyopathy for 14 years. The effect of the medication gradually deteriorated, LVAD (HeartCon®) was implanted one year earlier. The patient complained of intermittent chest tightness for one week, which had been aggravated for two days before hospitalization. Echocardiographic findings revealed new-onset, severe LVAD-induced AI. TAVR was performed with a self-expandable stent-valve (TAV30, Vitaflow Liberty). Within minutes, the patient recovered with rapid disappearance of chest tightness and stable vital signs. Before discharge, the position of the artificial valve was fixed without incomplete closure nor thrombus attachment, yielding a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of 35%. The patient was hospitalized for 38 days, and followed up with outpatient treatment, the condition was stable until 19 June 2023. Conclusions: TAVR could be an effective, safe, and less invasive means of restoring ejection fraction for patients with a LVAD who develop severe AI.

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement in the management of aortic insufficiency secondary to left ventricular assist device implantation: a case report

Rubino, Antonino S.
Validation
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is considered either a destination therapy for patients with end-stage heart failure or heart transplantation bridging. LVAD implantation often causes aortic insufficiency (AI), which requires aortic valve repair. However, severe acute AI does not respond well to medication, and re-operation means higher risk to the patients; the most effective therapeutic strategies for LVAD-induced AI still need further exploration. In this report, we present the first described case of new-onset, severe LVAD-induced AI in China with a patient who underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and achieved significant improvement in functional capacity and symptoms with lower operation risk. Case description: A 55-year-old male patient was diagnosed with dilated cardiomyopathy for 14 years. The effect of the medication gradually deteriorated, LVAD (HeartCon®) was implanted one year earlier. The patient complained of intermittent chest tightness for one week, which had been aggravated for two days before hospitalization. Echocardiographic findings revealed new-onset, severe LVAD-induced AI. TAVR was performed with a self-expandable stent-valve (TAV30, Vitaflow Liberty). Within minutes, the patient recovered with rapid disappearance of chest tightness and stable vital signs. Before discharge, the position of the artificial valve was fixed without incomplete closure nor thrombus attachment, yielding a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of 35%. The patient was hospitalized for 38 days, and followed up with outpatient treatment, the condition was stable until 19 June 2023. Conclusions: TAVR could be an effective, safe, and less invasive means of restoring ejection fraction for patients with a LVAD who develop severe AI.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11387/172005
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