The receptor for hepatocyte growth factor (Met) is not expressed in the normal thyroid but it is overexpressed in most thyroid carcinomas. We evaluated whether Met immunostaining of cytological smears from fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) may be useful for the preoperative diagnosis of thyroid cancer. Notably, routine cytological examination often fails to distinguish well-differentiated follicular carcinomas and a proportion of papillary carcinomas (low-grade papillary carcinomas and papillary carcinomas follicular variant [FVPTC]) from benign lesions: all these lesions are usually classified as suspicious. We examined 80 thyroid lesions diagnosed as suspicious at cytology that had subsequently undergone surgery. The histologic diagnosis had been: papillary carcinomas (n = 14), FVPTC (n = 11), follicular carcinomas (n = 25), atypical follicular adenomas (n = 5), follicular adenomas (n = 20), and nodular goiters (n = 5). We also studied typical papillary carcinomas (n = 30) and nodular goiters (n = 10), all correctly diagnosed at cytology. In lesions classified suspicious at routine cytology, Met immunostaining was positive in 12 of 14 (85.7%) papillary carcinomas, 8 of 11 (72.7%) FVPTC, 7 of 25 (28%) follicular carcinomas, and 5 of 5 atypical adenomas. In contrast, none of the 25 lesions cytologically suspicious but benign at histology were positive. These data suggest that Met immunostaining of suspicious cytological smears are useful for identifying malignant lesions, especially those with a papillary histotype.
|Titolo:||Immunostaining for MET/HCF receptor may be useful to identify malignancies in thyroid lesions classified suspicious at fine-needle aspiration biopsy|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|