In this study, the coagulation and flocculation processes were evaluated in the treatment of slops with the aim of reducing the organic concentration in the pre-treated influent, as measured by Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Total Organic Carbon (TOC) and Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH). The coagulation was optimised for the wastewaters sampled from a floating tank of an oil costal deposit in the Augusta Harbour (Sicily - Italy). The jar test experiments were run at 200 rpm for 1 min, 30 rpm for 20 min and settling for 180 min. Two different trivalent salts were used as the coagulant: FeCl3 and Al2(SO4)3x18H2O. To limit the residual concentration of Al and Fe after coagulation, a low coagulant dose was used. Furthermore, both anionic and cationic polyelectrolytes were used as flocculating agents. In general, the application of the coagulation process with low coagulant doses was effective in the pre-treatment of the slops. In fact, the percentages of removal, although rarely exceeding 70-80% (in term of TOC), reduced the organic load resulting from recalcitrant or poorly biodegradable substances. In particular a pre-treatment, with aluminium sulphate is more versatile for the removal of the main contaminants, that can hinder the performance of subsequent biological processes.

Optimisation of coagulation/flocculation for pre-treatment of high strength and saline wastewater: Performance analysis with different coagulant doses

DI BELLA, GAETANO;GIUSTRA, MARIA GABRIELLA;FRENI, GABRIELE
2014

Abstract

In this study, the coagulation and flocculation processes were evaluated in the treatment of slops with the aim of reducing the organic concentration in the pre-treated influent, as measured by Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Total Organic Carbon (TOC) and Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH). The coagulation was optimised for the wastewaters sampled from a floating tank of an oil costal deposit in the Augusta Harbour (Sicily - Italy). The jar test experiments were run at 200 rpm for 1 min, 30 rpm for 20 min and settling for 180 min. Two different trivalent salts were used as the coagulant: FeCl3 and Al2(SO4)3x18H2O. To limit the residual concentration of Al and Fe after coagulation, a low coagulant dose was used. Furthermore, both anionic and cationic polyelectrolytes were used as flocculating agents. In general, the application of the coagulation process with low coagulant doses was effective in the pre-treatment of the slops. In fact, the percentages of removal, although rarely exceeding 70-80% (in term of TOC), reduced the organic load resulting from recalcitrant or poorly biodegradable substances. In particular a pre-treatment, with aluminium sulphate is more versatile for the removal of the main contaminants, that can hinder the performance of subsequent biological processes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11387/69329
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