This mini-review reports the effect of aerobic granular sludge (AGS) on performance and membrane-fouling in combined aerobic granular sludge-membrane bioreactor (AGS-MBR) systems. Membrane-fouling represents a major drawback hampering the wider application of membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology. Fouling can be mitigated by applying aerobic granular sludge technology, a novel kind of biofilm technology characterized by high settleability, strong microbial structure, high resilience to toxic/recalcitrant compounds of industrial wastewater, and the possibility to simultaneously remove organic matter and nutrients. Different schemes can be foreseen for the AGS-MBR process. However, an updated literature review reveals that in the AGS-MBR process, granule breakage represents a critical problem in all configurations, which often causes an increase of pore-blocking. Therefore, to date, the objective of research in this sector has been to develop a stable AGS-MBR through multiple operational strategies, including the cultivation of AGS directly in an AGS-MBR reactor, the occurrence of an anaerobic-feast/aerobic-famine regime in continuous-flow reactors, maintenance of average granule dimensions far from critical values, and proper management of AGS scouring, which has been recently recognized as a crucial factor in membrane-fouling mitigation.

Aerobic Granular Sludge-Membrane BioReactor (AGS-MBR) as a Novel Configuration for Wastewater Treatment and Fouling Mitigation: A Mini-Review

Di Bella, Gaetano
2021

Abstract

This mini-review reports the effect of aerobic granular sludge (AGS) on performance and membrane-fouling in combined aerobic granular sludge-membrane bioreactor (AGS-MBR) systems. Membrane-fouling represents a major drawback hampering the wider application of membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology. Fouling can be mitigated by applying aerobic granular sludge technology, a novel kind of biofilm technology characterized by high settleability, strong microbial structure, high resilience to toxic/recalcitrant compounds of industrial wastewater, and the possibility to simultaneously remove organic matter and nutrients. Different schemes can be foreseen for the AGS-MBR process. However, an updated literature review reveals that in the AGS-MBR process, granule breakage represents a critical problem in all configurations, which often causes an increase of pore-blocking. Therefore, to date, the objective of research in this sector has been to develop a stable AGS-MBR through multiple operational strategies, including the cultivation of AGS directly in an AGS-MBR reactor, the occurrence of an anaerobic-feast/aerobic-famine regime in continuous-flow reactors, maintenance of average granule dimensions far from critical values, and proper management of AGS scouring, which has been recently recognized as a crucial factor in membrane-fouling mitigation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11387/150505
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