While imagery research has become popular in recent years, little research has specifi cally investigated diff erences in imagery ability between open- and closed-skill sport activities. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the type of task, open or closed, aff ects vividness and controllability differently. Thirty female classic dancers (closed skill), 30 female karate athletes (open skill), and 30 female non-athlete students, between 14 and 20 years of age ( M = 17.0, SD = 1.6), participated. They completed the Vividness of Visual Imagery Questionnaire, the Vividness of Movement Imagery Questionnaire, and the Subtraction of Parts Task. There was no diff erence in imagery ability between open- and closedskill sport groups. Furthermore, dancers and karatekas had higher mean scores on imagery ability than the non-athlete group. A positive correlation was observed between the two questionnaires, supporting fi ndings on the componential basis of imagery. This study contributed to increase the research in the specifi c area of openand closed-skill sports and imagery ability.

Vividness and transformation of mental images in karate and ballet

DI CORRADO, DONATELLA
;
GUARNERA, MARIA ANTONELLA ELISABETTA;
2014

Abstract

While imagery research has become popular in recent years, little research has specifi cally investigated diff erences in imagery ability between open- and closed-skill sport activities. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the type of task, open or closed, aff ects vividness and controllability differently. Thirty female classic dancers (closed skill), 30 female karate athletes (open skill), and 30 female non-athlete students, between 14 and 20 years of age ( M = 17.0, SD = 1.6), participated. They completed the Vividness of Visual Imagery Questionnaire, the Vividness of Movement Imagery Questionnaire, and the Subtraction of Parts Task. There was no diff erence in imagery ability between open- and closedskill sport groups. Furthermore, dancers and karatekas had higher mean scores on imagery ability than the non-athlete group. A positive correlation was observed between the two questionnaires, supporting fi ndings on the componential basis of imagery. This study contributed to increase the research in the specifi c area of openand closed-skill sports and imagery ability.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11387/88326
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